Peter John Hassall
CORRESPONDENCE ANALYSIS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIVE DEVIANCE
The synchronic etic approach outlined in this paper is designed to stimulate interest in the study of English as an international and intranational language, consistent with the aims of the International Association of World Englishes (IAWE). It suggests that certain aspects of different World Englishes (WE) may be compared to each other by considering those surface linguistic features that are shared in response to a given language task and reports the results of research designed to analyse international relative deviance (relDEV.EIL) between a number of world Englishes. The study employs Correspondence Analysis (CA) to compare electronic corpora compiled from the written English of groups of tertiary students in different countries whilst undertaking an identical language task. The WE corpora to be compared were assembled from data gathered in tertiary institutions in Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and Ras Al Khaimah in the United Arab Emirates. In the present study, the Word frequency program WORD developed by Nation et al. (1988) was utilised together with the SAS System to provide a graphical representation of CA. An analysis of relDEV.EIL was compiled of the orthographic forms selected by the WE user groups in the five countries in response to the language task. This enabled a more complete picture to be built up of just how the groups differed from each other with respect to the orthographic forms they used. Implications for English language teaching are discussed with reference to English as an International Language, TEIL and WE (outlined in Hassall, 1996a & 1996b).